Free Online Grammar Lessons: Concentrate on your common mistakes here.
Study, practise and produce your own examples. You will need one of these books:
Essential Grammar in Use by Raymond Murphy for Elementary/Pre-Intermediate Levels -Red Book Cambridge University Press, or
Essential Grammar in Use by Raymond Murphy for Intermediate/Upper-Intermediate Levels-Blue Book Cambridge University Press
Click on the “Study Book” link in the table, to know what units to study very well.
|Grammar Topic||Grammar Problem||Correct Examples||Study Material|
|ArticlesVery important!||Use and non-use of articles||I have a dog.The computer isn’t working.I like chocolate.||Exercise|
|Time, tense and aspect:|
|1. Past||Present PerfectVery important!Past Continuous Past Perfect||She still hasn’t come. I’ve seen that film.I was watching TV when you rang.Ihad never seenher before.||Exercise|
|2. Present||Present Cont.Present Simple||They are working now. Shelives here.||Exercise|
|3. Future||“Going to” or “Will” Present Cont. with future meaning Future time clauses
|The film will end in ten minutes.I’m meeting her tomorrow.
When I getthere, I will phone you.He will have come back by Monday.
|Word Order: Very important!||Verbs
|This is the house where my friends live.The question that the teacher asked was easy.I speak Czech well.I don’t often go to the cinema.||Exercise|
|Adjectives||I live in an old, green, detached house.||Exercise|
|Final Prepositions||What are you looking at? Where are you from?|
|Indirect Questions||Tell me how he is.He asked how you do it.|
|Questions and Negatives||Auxiliary Verbs||Does she live here? He doesn’t know him.||Very important!|
|Question Tags, Short Answers||Positive or Negative?||You speak French, don’t you? Yes, I do.|
|“It” , “There” as subjects||There or it?||It is cold today.It’s already getting dark. There is a table in my room.||Very important!|
|Modal Verbs||Modal Auxiliaries, must, need to, needn’t etc.||I have to go.He needn’t come.||Very important!|
|Conditionals||The 1st conditional, Mixed conditionals||If I pass, I will celebrate.If I had listened, I would be rich today.||Exercise 1
|The Passive Voice||The continuous passive,Adjectives.||It is being done now.I was born in 1980.I am interested in music.|
|Reported Speech||Said or Told?
|He told me that you are busy.He said that you are busy. He realised she didn’t know about it.|
|Singular/Plural||Nouns, a half are, a lot are…….||He has sixty sheep.I love that woman.||Very important!|
|Countable or Uncountable||Nouns like money, news, advice, furniture, door……||I would like some more rice.Where are my pencils?|
|Adjectives and Adverbs||Which will I use?||It looks beautiful.She sings beautifully.Give me the red one, please.||Exercise|
|Adjectives with Prepositions||What preposition is correct?||I am aware of that.She is related to them.||Exercise|
|Comparatives and Superlatives||Which one will I use?||This is better than that.That is the worst film I’ve seen.|
|Pronouns:||Personal Pronouns Possessive Pronouns Reflexive Pronouns||I can’t see him.I have to do my homework. I looked at myself in the mirror.||Very important!|
|Quantifiers||Many, much, few, a few, a lot, lots, any, some………….||Did you buy much food? Have you many friends?He has lots of friends.||Exercise Very important!|
|Relative Pronouns/ Clauses||Which, who, that or none of these.||The man who lives there is a policeman.This is all that I need.|
|Infinitive or Gerund||“to do something” or “doing something”?||I enjoy dancing.He should stop smoking.He denied stealing the car.||Exercise Very important!|
|Irregular Verbs and Past Participles||Forget, forgot, forgotten, Bite, bit, bitten, Drive, drove, driven||I held her hand all evening.I have hidden the photos.I was chosen by the teacher.||Learn 3-5 verbs everyday!|
|Prepositions||On, in, at, since, for, no preposition……………||With a Preposition:at work/school/universityat the party/concert
at the bottom/top
Sit at the table.
I was there for ten days
See you in ten days.
That is typical of him.
I am better/bigger than you.
He is angry at her.
He married to her.
I arrived in Dublin today. in front of the museum. an exam in mathematics.
good/bad at mathematics.
It is made of wood.
It was discussed among the students.
I listen to music everyday.
Explain to me why you . . .
Repeat to me why you .
I have to go home
He is at home
Let’s discuss this later
I can’t believe this
I can’t ride a bicycle
I’ve never climbed a tree
I left school last year.
I am doing it next week.
|Very important!Learn 3 everyday!|
|Verbs with Prepositions||Listen to, speak to, think of, wait for, look at……||I forget to thank him for the gift. It belongs to her.||Learn 3-5 verbs every day!|
|Phrasal Verbs Very important!||Eat out, go out, fall off, fall out, make up, chill out, get round………||I got on the bus. I got off the train. I got into the car.||Exercise|