Full country name: People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria
Area: 2,381,741 sq km
Capital City: Algiers
Religion: 99% Muslim, 1% other
Government: Semi-presidential republic
Time Zone: CET (UTC+01)
Dialing Code: 213
Electricity: 230V, 50Hz
Weights & measures: Metric
Currency: Algerian Dinar
Money & Costs:
Average yearly salary: USD 7,100
Budget: 220-250 DA
Mid-range: 700-1000 DA
High: 2500 DA
Geography: Algeria is the second largest country in Africa, with Sudan being the first. More than four-fifths of Algeria’s land is desert between Morocco and Tunisia. The country has a long Mediterranean coastline, most of which is hilly or even mountainous. There are a few natural harbours and a number of protected areas including National Parks and nature reserves. Algeria borders with Morocco, Mali, Mauritania, Libya, Niger and Tunisia.
Climate: The Algerian desert temperatures can be surprisingly hot even in the middle of winter. However, after sunset, there is a rapid loss of heat, and the nights become cool or sometimes even chilly. There is less rain in the late winter and spring, and nearly no rain at all during the summer months. The capital, Algiers, and other coastal areas are hot in summers, but rainy and quite chilly for several months in winters. However, inland mountain regions between the coast and the desert have cooler weather, with temperatures below freezing for long periods in winter. It is extremely cold at night in the desert at all seasons.
Recommended clothing: Avoid mosquito bites by covering up with clothing such as long sleeves and long trousers especially after sunset.
Note: Most businesses in Algeria keep standard opening hours, but everything closes on Friday for the Islamic weekend.
Money: You can exchange your money at Banks or Post offices. However, people tend to be quite picky about ripped or old bills, so make sure that the bills you are exchanging and receiving are in a good condition. You should also note, that many banks accept only Euro or US dollar. Less common currencies can be hard to exchange.
Food: Traditional Algerian food is influenced by the Berber, Arab, Turkish, and French cuisines. Algiers, the capital, and other popular coastal towns have a great selection of very good restaurants, serving mainly Italian and French-style food. However, all of those classic dishes will surely have an unforgettable Algerian quality with many flavorings used. Fish dishes are exceptionally good. Algerians use a lot of spices.
Drink: Algeria is well known for its wide selection of wines and beers. However, while being a Muslim country, alcohol is hard to find in Algeria. Alcoholic drinks are sold only in a few bars and restaurants in the bigger cities, night clubs or hotels. If you want alcohol, the best idea would be to buy it at the Algiers airport. Buying alcohol in small towns can be challenging. The conditions in which the alcohol was are also questionable. Some Muslims drink, but it is considered a sin.
Health: Note, that Algiers frequently experience power cuts, therefor the refrigerated food may go bad. You should be meticulous when dining out in restaurants, as the possibility of getting bad food is always there. Mosquitoes are also a big problem in Algeria, but they are more a nuisance, as the illness of malaria is not common. Do not expect good quality of water, buy bottled water instead. Always use a sun protection when in Algeria.
1 Jan New Year’s Day
26 Feb Mouloud (Birth of the Prophet)
1 May Labour Day
19 Jun Revolutionary Readjustment
5 Jul Independence Day
11 Sep Eid al-Fitr (End of Ramadan)
1 Nov Anniversary of the Revolution
17 Nov Eid al-Adha (Feast of the Sacrifice)
7 Dec Islamic New Year
16 Dec Ashoura
Disclaimer: The above information is for reference purposes only. The content of this page is not intended to substitute for advice given by the user’s own government travel departments or a licensed travel health advisor. The viewer/user of this web page should always contact the user’s own government representatives in that area for the most up-to-date information at that time, before making a final decision to travel to that country or destination.