Full country name: Arab Republic of Egypt
Area: 1,001,450 sq km
Population: 80,47 million (July 2010 est.)
Capital City: Cairo
Language: Arabic (official), English and French widely understood by educated classes
Religion: Muslim (mostly Sunni) 90%, Coptic 9%, other Christian 1%
Time Zone: UTC/GMT +2 ( Daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October )
Dialling Code: 20
Electricity: 220V 50 Hz
Weights & measures: metric
Money & Costs:
Currency: Egyptian pound (EGP)
Average yearly salary: $ 6,000
Budget: $ 6-12
Mid-range: $ 11-30
High: $ 40+
Budget: $ 15-60
Mid-range: $ 60-150
High: $ 200+
Geography: Egypt is a transcontinental country located in North Africa and Southwest Asia (the Sinai Peninsula). The country has coastlines on the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea and borders with Libya, the Gaza Strip, Israel and Sudan. Egypt is one of the most populous country in Africa and the Middle East. It is also very famous for its ancient civilization. The majority of Egypt’s terrain comprises of desert, except for the Nile Valley. The country includes the Sahara Desert and a part of the Libyan Desert.
Climate: Egypt has a hot and dry climate most of the year. Most of the rain falls in the winter months in Alexandria region. The average daily temperature from December to February is about 20 C (68 F) on the Mediterranean coast and about 26 C (80 F) in Aswan. However, the maximum temperatures can rise as high as 31 C (88 F) and 50 C (122 F) respectively.
Recommended clothing: The mixture of desert and wind can make your clothes dirty very easily, therefore make sure you pack plenty of T-shirts. Light cotton clothes are recommended. Note, that skirts above the knee or shorts are not acceptable. You should also cover up your shoulders with a scarf, when wearing a no-sleeves T-shirt. One jacket or a warmer sweater is all you need for winter season.
Social conventions: Muslim traditions and religious beliefs are of the most importance in Egypt, and visitors are expected to respect it. Handshaking is the adequate form of greeting. Smart restaurants and official meetings generally require more formal attire. Smoking is very common throughout the country.
Health: When traveling to Egypt, be prepared for the heat. You should always use a sun-block lotion with a high factor, and drink plenty of water. Tap water is said to be of a good quality, but it is advisable to drink bottled water instead. A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required from travelers coming from infected areas. Medical insurance is strongly advisable, since treatment is quite expensive and medical facilities outside Cairo or not of the best quality.
Food & Drink: Egyptian cuisine is a mix of Greek, Turkish and Lebanese cuisines in one. The dishes are quite simple, but hearty and not too spicy. The main foods of the Egyptian diet are bread or aysh and beans. The most popular dishes are such: grilled chicken and kofta (ground and flavored lamb), foul (bean dishes), stuffed vine leaves, oast pigeon, grilled aubergines, kebabs and humus (chickpeas). The locals also eat a lot of fruit and desserts. Note, that all restaurants have waiter service, whereas bars have table service only. Coffee could be described as a national drink, since numerous cups of coffee are drunk every day. Delicious fresh fruit juices are available almost everywhere. Although Egypt is a Muslim country, alcohol is still available in some of the bars and good restaurants. The legal drinking age is 21.
Although Egypt is a Muslim country, alcohol is available in cafe-style bars and in good restaurants and the legal drinking age is 21 years.
Feb 26 Birth of the Prophet
Apr 25 Sinai Liberation Day (Sinai only)
May 1 Labour Day
Jul 23 National Day
Oct 6 Armed Forces Day
Dec 7 Islamic New Year
Disclaimer: The above information is for reference purposes only. The content of this page is not intended to substitute for advice given by the user’s own government travel departments or a licensed travel health advisor. The viewer/user of this web page should always contact the user’s own government representatives in that area for the most up-to-date information at that time, before making a final decision to travel to that country or destination.