Full country name: Republic of Ghana
Area: 238,535 sq km
Capital City: Accra
Religion: 68,8% Christian, 15,9% Muslim, 8,5% Traditional African beliefs, 6,1% non-believers, 0,7% other
Government: Constitutional presidential republic
Time Zone: GMT (UTC0), summer – (DST) GMT (UTC0)
Dialing Code: 233
Electricity: 230V, 50Hz
Weights & measures: Metric
Currency: Ghanaian cedi (GHS)
Money & Costs:
Average yearly salary: USD 1,500
Geography: Ghana is a country in West Africa, which borders with the three French-speaking nations of Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire, and Togo. The Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean are in the south of the country. The coastline and the whole terrain of the country are mostly low. Sandy shores are intersected by several rivers and streams, most of which are navigable only by canoe. More streams and rivers and a tropical rain forest belt with heavily forested hills are located in the north, near the Côte d’Ivoire frontier. This area, known as the Ashanti, is popular for its cocoa, minerals and timber production.
Climate: Ghana has a tropical climate, which is described as being hot, but with long lasting precipitation. The rainy season in the country lasts from April to October in the north, and from April to June and then again from September to October in the south. During the rainy season temperatures average to about 21 C – 32 C with relatively high humidity. The rest of the year is hot and dry with average temperatures reaching up to 38 C. The highest temperature is usually in March and the lowest – in August, at the end of the rain season.
Recommended clothing: T-Shirts, dresses, shorts, pants/trousers and other summer clothing made of cotton, linen or any other light material are recommended for the dry season. Rainwear, like waterproof jackets or shoes are a necessity for rainy season. Be sure to wear comfortable walking shoes for sightseeing and hiking, but pack a pair of sandals or flip-flops for the beach.
Food: Generally, most traditional Ghanaian meals are made up of a starchy portion of rice, fufu, banku, tuozafi, etc., and a sauce or soup with fish,meat, snails or mushrooms. The most popular Ghanaian soups enjoyed by the locals are groundnut, light, and palm nut soups. A popular side dish in Ghana is kelewele (hot plantain crisps), which is usually served with groundnuts, but sometimes eaten alone as a starter. Ghanaians use a lot of exotic ingredients and a wide variety of spices in their dishes. The most common ingredients of Ghanaian cuisine are: thyme, bay leaf, wild mushrooms, garden eggs, various types of pulses, ginger, garlic, smoked meat or fish, trotters, octopus, shrimps etc.
Drink: Brewed and fermented alcoholic drinks, beverages and juice are something Ghanaians can be proud of. Travelers are fascinated by the range of locally produced alcoholic drinks and the blossoming juice markets. Akpeteshie, for example, is a distilled clear liquid in plastic bottles, which can be found all over Ghanaian roadsides. Another good alcoholic drink is the Palm Wine, a fermented liquid made from palm trees. Bottled drinking water is widely available across Ghana, however, those traveling to remote areas should bring a portable water filter or water purifying tablets to treat the local tap water, as shops selling bottled water can be harder to find.
Health: Health insurance is essential when traveling to Ghana. There are medical facilities all over the region, but they are extremely limited. Note, that a yellow fever vaccination certificate is required by all travelers. Also Cholera is of a serious risk in this country, therefore precautions should be taken at all times. Since Bilharzia (schistosomiasis) is also present, try to avoid swimming and paddling in fresh water (beaches). This can also be dangerous due to riptides.
Jan 1 New Year’s Day
Mar 6 Independence Day
Apr 2 Good Friday
Apr 5 Easter Monday
May 1 Labor Day
May 25 Africa Day
Jul 1 Republic Day
Sep 10 Eid al Fitr (End of Ramadan)
Nov 16 Eid al Adha (Feast of the Sacrifice)
Dec 3 National Farmer’s Day
Dec 25 Christmas
Dec 31 Revolution Day
Note: Muslim festivals are timed according to local sightings of various phases of the moon and the dates given above are approximations. During the lunar month of Ramadan that precedes Eid al-Fitr, Muslims fast during the day and feast at night and normal business patterns may be interrupted. Many restaurants are closed during the day and there may be restrictions on smoking and drinking. Some disruption may continue into Eid al-Fitr itself. Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha may last anything from two to 10 days, depending on the region.
Disclaimer: The above information is for reference purposes only. The content of this page is not intended to substitute for advice given by the user’s own government travel departments or a licensed travel health advisor. The viewer/user of this web page should always contact the user’s own government representatives in that area for the most up-to-date information at that time, before making a final decision to travel to that country or destination.