Full country name: People’s Democratic Republic of Lebanon
Area: 10,400 sq km
Population: 4,01 million (July 2010 est.)
Capital City: Beirut
Language: Arabic (official), French, English, Armenian
Religion: Muslim 59.7% (Shia, Sunni, Druze, Isma’ilite, Alawite or Nusayri), Christian 39% (Maronite Catholic, Greek Orthodox, Melkite Catholic, Armenian Orthodox, Syrian Catholic, Armenian Catholic, Syrian Orthodox, Roman Catholic, Chaldean, Assyrian, Copt, Protestant), other 1.3% Note: 17 religious sects recognized
Government: Confessionalist, parliamentary republic
Time Zone: UTC+2
Dialing Code: 961
Electricity: 110/220V 50 Hz
Weights & measures: Metric
Money & Costs:
Currency: Lebanese pound (LBP)
Average Yearly Salary: USD 13,200
Geography: Lebanon is located in Western Asia, at the meeting point of three different continents. The country borders the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea, Syria, and Israel. Lebanon has a mountainous terrain, except for the coastline and the Beqaa Valley. In ancient times, Lebanon housed large Cedar forests, however, most of them are not there anymore.
Climate: Lebanon has a Mediterranean climate with generally cool an rainy winters, but hot and humid summers. Although most of Lebanon receive quite large amount of rain, the country is rain-free between June and October. There are more than 300 sunny days per year, but the mountainous areas are cold and snowy in the winter season. The average temperature in summer is about 27 C (80 F), whereas the average winter temperature is about 14 C (57 F).
Recommended clothing: There are no special cultural rules for dressing in Lebanon. However, certain places require certain clothing. For example, wearing short skirts or pants is to be avoided when visiting religious places. Women are required to wear scarves on their heads when visiting mosques. Lightweight summer clothes can be worn throughout the year, but a warmer jacket or sweater is required for winter season.
Health: The quality of Lebanese medical care is one of the best; hospitals and clinics are well equipped, and most medicine can be found in pharmacies. No particular vaccination or immunization are required when visiting the country.
Food & Drink: Lebanon and its food is an exciting and rich combination. Lebanese cuisine includes various fruits, vegetables, fish and seafood products. Lamb is the most widely eaten meat, with goat being the most popular in the mountainous regions. Garlic, olive oil, and lemon juice are the main ingredients of Lebanese dishes. Mezze (an array of small dishes with appetizers) is a part of the Lebanese cuisine custom. There are many great restaurants in all the major cities of Lebanon, where the food is not restricted to traditional Lebanese delights, and you are invited to enjoy Asian, Indian, Middle Eastern, or other international cuisines. Beer and wine are the most popular alcoholic drinks in Lebanon. Coffee is considered to be a traditional drink that is not to be joked with; the strong and thick coffee is served throughout the day. Tap water is not of the best quality, therefore you should stick to bottled water instead.
1 Jan New Year’s Day
Jan 6 Orthodox Armenian Christmas
Feb 9 Feast of St Maroun
Varies between Mar 22 & Aug 25 Good Friday
May 1 Labour Day
May 6 Martyrs’ Day
May 25 Resistance and Liberation Day
Aug 15 Assumption of the Virgin
Nov 1 All Saints’ Day
Nov 22 Independence Day
Dec 25 Christmas Day
Disclaimer: The above information is for reference purposes only. The content of this page is not intended to substitute for advice given by the user’s own government travel departments or a licensed travel health advisor. The viewer/user of this web page should always contact the user’s own government representatives in that area for the most up-to-date information at that time, before making a final decision to travel to that country or destination.