Full country name: Republic of Lithuania
Area: 65,200 sq km
Capital City: Vilnius
Religion: 79% Roman Catholic, 15,2% other, 4,1% Orthodox, 0,8% Old believers, 0,6% Evangelical Lutheran, 0,2% Reformed Church, 0,1% Jehovah’s Witnesses
Government: Semi-presidential republic
Time Zone: EET (UTC+2), summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Dialing Code: +370
Electricity: 220V, 50Hz
Weights & measures: Metric
Currency: Lithuanian litas (LTL)
Money & Costs:
Average Yearly Salary: $15,500
Budget: 5-10 LTL
Mid-range: 10-30 LTL
High: 35+ LTL
Budget: 30-100 LTL
Mid-range: 150-350 LTL
High: 400+ LTL
Geography: Lithuania is the largest country of the Baltic States, bordering Latvia and Russia. The country has 97km of sandy coastline by the Baltic Sea, which is a great place for summer holidays. Lithuania’s most popular resort is the Curonian Lagoon with its remarkable sand dunes. It is a shallow lagoon separated from the Baltic sea by the Curonian Spit. Lithuania’s terrain is flat, except for some morainic hills, that are no higher than 300 meters. There are numerous small lakes and rivers throughout the country. A mixed forest zone covers about 33% of the country. According to some geographers, the Geographical Center of Europe is just north of Lithuania’s capital, Vilnius.
Climate: Lithuania’s climate is a mixture of maritime and continental. The weather is diverse; strong wind and inclement weather can change to a sunny and tranquil day in a very short period of time. Summers are usually mild and wet, and winters are cold to freezing. Rain is common throughout the year, but autumn is the wettest season in Lithuania. The average yearly summer temperature varies from 17 C to 30 C, whereas, the average yearly winter temperature varies from -3 C to -20 C.
Recommended clothing: Lightweight summer clothes with warmer sweaters or jackets for the evenings should be packed for summer. Heavy overcoats and warm winter boots are recommended for the cool winter season. Rainwear is essential throughout the year.
Food: The traditional cuisine of Lithuania was heavily influenced by the cold and moist northern climate, therefore the dishes are quite heavy, but, nevertheless, tasty. The most popular ingredients used in Lithuanian cooking are such: potatoes, barley, rye, greens, beets, berries and mushrooms (everything is grown locally). Lithuanian cuisine has much in common with the Eastern European (Polish, Ukrainian) and German cuisines. The most popular dishes you should try when in Lithuania are the following: potato pudding (kugelis), potato sausages (vėdarai), mashed potatoes with minced meat (cepelinai) and the baroque tree cake known as Šakotis. If you visit the city Trakai, try the famous dishes kibinai and čeburekai. When you visit a bar or a restaurant for a mug of beer, try one of the most popular snacks, which consists of a bowl of pieces of bread with garlic covered in cheese (kepta duona su sūriu).
Drink: Lithuania can definitely be called a beer drinking country, with some of the most famous brands being Švyturys, Utenos, Kalnapilis, Horn and Gubernija. Compared to other European countries, beer is rather cheep. Lithuanian beer brands are of at least equal quality to Czech, Slovak, German or Polish brands. Note, that according the law, that came into effect from January 2009, shops are prohibited to sell alcohol from 10PM till 8AM (bars and restaurants are exempt from this). Gira is a non alcoholic beverage similar to Russian or Ukrainian kvass. Gira is made by the natural fermentation of wheat, rye, or barley bread. Tap water is of a good quality and there is a variety of soft drinks to choose from.
Health: Medical care in Lithuania is of a good quality, but medical facilities in smaller towns do not always meet the Western standards. Most medical supplies and medicines are widely available. Lithuania has highly trained medical professionals, some of whom speak English.
1 Jan New Year’s Day
16 Feb Restoration of the State Day (1918)
11 Mar Restoration of Independence Day (1990)
2 Apr – 5 Apr Easter
1 May International Labour Day
2 May Mothers’ Day
24 Jun Jonines (St John’s Day/Midsummer’s Day)
6 Jul Anniversary of the Coronation of King Mindaugas
15 Aug Assumption Day
1 Nov All Saints’ Day
25 Dec Christmas Day
26 Dec Boxing Day
Note: According to Lithuanian Law, all holidays falling on a Saturday or Sunday, including those that are always celebrated on a Sunday, are moved to the following Monday.
Disclaimer: The above information is for reference purposes only. The content of this page is not intended to substitute for advice given by the user’s own government travel departments or a licensed travel health advisor. The viewer/user of this web page should always contact the user’s own government representatives in that area for the most up-to-date information at that time, before making a final decision to travel to that country or destination.