Full country name: Republic of Peru
Area: 1,285,216 sq km
Population: 29,55 million (July 2010 est.)
Capital City: Lima
Language: Spanish (official), Quechua (official), Aymara, and a large number of minor Amazonian languages
Religion: Roman Catholic 81.3%, Evangelical 12.5%, other 3.3%, unspecified or none 2.9%
Government: Constitutional republic
Time Zone: UTC-5
Dialing Code: 51
Electricity: 220/110V 60/50 Hz
Weights & measures: Metric
Money & Costs:
Currency: Nuevo sol (PEN)
Average Yearly Salary: USD 8,500
Geography: The Republic of Peru is located in South America, and borders Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia, Chile and the Pacific Ocean. The country is divided into three geographical regions. The coastal region is a narrow plain, except for valleys and seasonal rivers. The highlands region is the region of the Andes. The third region is the region of the jungle, which is covered by the Amazon rainforest, and it covers almost 60% of the country’s area.
Climate: The climate of Peru is influenced by the Andes, therefore it does not have exclusively tropical climate. The coastal region has moderate temperatures, high humidity and little rain. The highlands, on the contrary, rain is frequent, especially during summer, and the temperature and humidity lowers with altitude. The jungle region is characterized by high temperatures and heavy rainfall. The average yearly temperature of Peru ranges between 14 C to 18 C (57 F – 64 F).
Recommended clothing: Note, that when in Peru, it is essential to dress not only according to the weather, but for the protection of the flies and other insects. Lightweight cotton or linen clothing, such as long sleeved shirt, long trousers, loose skirts, and other are recommended. Comfortable hiking shoes/boots and robust socks are advised for the highlands.
Health: Travel Health insurance is strongly recommended when visiting Peru. You should also be prepared to pay for medical services up front. Travelers who are only visiting Cusco and Machu Picchu do not require a vaccination, but if you are planning to visit the Jungle, consult your doctor.
Food & Drink: The Peruvian food is characterized as being hot and spicy in nature. With ají and ajo (hot pepper and garlic) being the main ingredients, Peruvian food has become celebrated at home and abroad. Peruvians enjoy a wide variety of vegetables, corns and fruits. There are 35 varieties of Maize, 15 species of tomatoes, 200 species of potatoes, 150 varieties of sweet potatoes, about 20 native varieties of fruits, and etc. Peanuts are also native to Peru. Table service is the norm in hotels and restaurants and many also offer buffet-type lunches. The most popular soft drinks in Peru are: Chicha Morada (a base of boiled purple maize and powdered cloves to which sugar, cinnamon and ice are added as it cools), Inca Kola (a lemon verbena flavored soda), Kola Inglesa (a cherry flavored red soda). Pisco, a kind of brandy, is the national alcoholic drink of Peru.
Jan 1 New Year’s Day
May 1 Labour Day
Jun 29 St Peter’s and St Paul’s Day
Jul 28 Independence Day Celebrations
Aug 30 St Rosa of Lima Day
Oct 8 Angamos Battle
Nov 1 All Saints’ Day
Dec 8 Immaculate Conception
Dec 24 Christmas Eve (half day)
Dec 25 Christmas Day
Disclaimer: The above information is for reference purposes only. The content of this page is not intended to substitute for advice given by the user’s own government travel departments or a licensed travel health advisor. The viewer/user of this web page should always contact the user’s own government representatives in that area for the most up-to-date information at that time, before making a final decision to travel to that country or destination.