Full country name: United Republic of Tanzania
Area: 947,300 sq km
Population: 41,05 million
Capital City: Dar es Salaam
Language: Kiswahili or Swahili (official), Kiunguja (name for Swahili in Zanzibar), English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education), Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar), many local languages note: Kiswahili (Swahili) is the mother tongue of the Bantu people living in Zanzibar and nearby coastal Tanzania; although Kiswahili is Bantu in structure and origin, its vocabulary draws on a variety of sources including Arabic and English; it has become the lingua franca of central and eastern Africa; the first language of most people is one of the local languages
Religion: mainland – Christian 30%, Muslim 35%, indigenous beliefs 35%; Zanzibar – more than 99% Muslim
Time Zone: UTC+3
Dialing Code: 255
Electricity: 230V 50 Hz
Weights & measures: Metric
Currency: Tanzanian shilling (TZS)
Money & Costs:
Average yearly salary: USD 1,400
Geography: The United Republic of Tanzania is located in central East Africa. The country borders Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique. The highest mountain, Kilimanjaro, is located in Tanzania, as well as the longest and deepest lake, Tanganyika. Nearly a quarter of Tanzania is protected by national parks, hunting reserves, significant wildlife parks, and controlled zones. The country also has numerous beautiful waterfalls, it can be proud of.
Climate: Tanzania has a tropical climate, with the coolest months occurring in summer. The rest of the year, the weather remains pleasant and comfortable. The average temperature between June and October, range from 10 C to 23 C in the coastal regions. June – October are the best months to visit Tanzania, since the weather is warm and sunny at that time, with cooling ocean breezes at night time. There are two seasons of rain each year: long rains (masika) from mid-March to the end of May, and short rains (mvuli), that come intermittently throughout November and early December.
Recommended clothing: Since Tanzania never really gets cold, light clothing is recommended throughout the year. Warmer clothes (such as a sweater) may be needed only for cooler evenings and early mornings. Climbing and hiking in the mountains, of course, requires special clothes and shoes. Brown, beige and khaki clothes are advised for safari trips. At the coast and Zanzibar, where Muslims are predominant, women need to dress modestly. Beachwear is only acceptable at beaches and hotel premises. Nudity is totally unacceptable in the whole country.
Social conventions: Right hand is used to shake hands or pass or receive things. The standard greeting of ‘hello’ when addressing an individual is Hujambo, to which the reply is Sijambo. You should be polite, and ask about one’s family, health and etc., when interacting.
Food & Drink:Tanzanian cuisine is characterized as unique and varied. The dishes differ from region to region and has many different styles. Along the coastal regions, spicy foods with a lot of coconut milk are common. The most popular foods in Tanzania’s mainland include rice (Wali), Chapati (a kind of bread), Ugali (maize porridge), Nyama Choma (grilled meat), fish, Mshikaki (marinated beef), Ndizi-Nyama (plantains with meat), and Pilau & Biryani. Widely used vegetables include Mchicha (a kind of spinach), Bamia (okra), Njegere (green peas), Kisamvu (cassava leaves), and Maharage (beans). Many locals drink tea (Chai) in the morning, during breakfast, and in the evening, during supper. Coffee is the second favorite drink, and is usually taken in the evening on the front porch. The most popular local brews are: Tanga, Mnazi/Tembo. Other brews include Mbege, Wanzuki, Lubisi, Nkonyagi, and Mbandule.
Health: Visitors entering Tanzania from yellow fever infected areas, are required to provide yellow fever international certificate of vaccination upon arrival. Malaria is common in Tanzania, therefore visitors are strongly advised to take medication two weeks before the trip. Vaccinations against hepatitis A, polio and typhoid are also recommended. Some fresh water lakes and rivers carry the risk of Bilharzia, therefore swimming in such water bodies is not advisable. Since cholera is a risk throughout the country, precautions should be taken. Modern hospitals and chemists are only available in major urban cities.
Jan 1 New Year’s Day
Jan 12 Zanzibar Revolution Day
Feb 5 Chama Cha Mapinduzi Day
Varies between Mar 22 & Apr 25 Good Friday
Apr 26 Union Day
May 1 Worker’s Day
Jul 7 Saba Saba
Aug 8 Farmer’s Day
Oct 14 Nyerere Day
Oct 29 Naming Day
Dec 9 Independence Day
Dec 25 Christmas Day
Dec 26 Boxing Day
Disclaimer: The above information is for reference purposes only. The content of this page is not intended to substitute for advice given by the user’s own government travel departments or a licensed travel health advisor. The viewer/user of this web page should always contact the user’s own government representatives in that area for the most up-to-date information at that time, before making a final decision to travel to that country or destination.