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English Course for Native Czech Speakers, Common English Grammar Problems

Free Online Grammar Lessons: Concentrate on your common mistakes here.
Study, practise and produce your own examples. You will need one of these books:

Essential Grammar in Use by Raymond Murphy for Elementary/Pre-Intermediate Levels -Red Book Cambridge University Press, or

Essential Grammar in Use by Raymond Murphy for Intermediate/Upper-Intermediate Levels-Blue Book Cambridge University Press





 

Click on the "Study Book" link in the table, to know what units to study very well.

Grammar Topic Grammar Problem Correct Examples Study Material
ArticlesVery important! Use and non-use of articles I have a dog.The computer isn’t working.I like chocolate. Exercise 
Time, tense and aspect:  
1. Past Present PerfectVery important!Past Continuous Past Perfect She still hasn’t come. I've seen that film.I was watching TV when you rang.Ihad never seenher before. Exercise 
2. Present Present Cont.Present Simple They are working now. Shelives here. Exercise 
3. Future “Going to” or “Will” Present Cont. with future meaning Future time clauses

Future Perfect

The film will end in ten minutes.I’m meeting her tomorrow.
When I getthere, I will phone you.He will have come back by Monday.
 
Word Order: Very important! Verbs
Adverbs
This is the house where my friends live.The question that the teacher asked was easy.I speak Czech well.I don’t often go to the cinema. Exercise 
Adjectives I live in an old, green, detached house. Exercise 
Final Prepositions What are you looking at? Where are you from?  
Indirect Questions Tell me how he is.He asked how you do it.  
Questions and Negatives Auxiliary Verbs Does she live here? He doesn’t know him. Very important!
Question Tags, Short Answers Positive or Negative? You speak French, don’t you? Yes, I do.  
“It” , “There” as subjects There or it? It is cold today.It’s already getting dark. There is a table in my room. Very important!
Modal Verbs Modal Auxiliaries, must, need to, needn’t etc. I have to go.He needn't come. Very important!
Conditionals The 1st conditional, Mixed conditionals If I pass, I will celebrate.If I had listened, I would be rich today. Exercise 1 
Exercise 2 
The Passive Voice The continuous passive,Adjectives. It is being done now.I was born in 1980.I am interested in music.  
Reported Speech Said or Told?
Reporting Verbs
He told me that you are busy.He said that you are busy. He realised she didn’t know about it.  
Singular/Plural Nouns, a half are, a lot are……. He has sixty sheep.I love that woman. Very important!
Countable or Uncountable Nouns like money, news, advice, furniture, door…… I would like some more rice.Where are my pencils?  
Adjectives and Adverbs Which will I use? It looks beautiful.She sings beautifully.Give me the red one, please. Exercise 
Adjectives with Prepositions What preposition is correct? I am aware of that.She is related to them. Exercise 
Comparatives and Superlatives Which one will I use? This is better than that.That is the worst film I’ve seen.  
Pronouns: Personal Pronouns Possessive Pronouns Reflexive Pronouns I can’t see him.I have to do my homework. I looked at myself in the mirror. Very important!
Quantifiers Many, much, few, a few, a lot, lots, any, some…………. Did you buy much food? Have you many friends?He has lots of friends. Exercise Very important! 

Relative Pronouns/ Clauses Which, who, that or none of these. The man who lives there is a policeman.This is all that I need.  
Infinitive or Gerund “to do something” or “doing something”? I enjoy dancing.He should stop smoking.He denied stealing the car. Exercise Very important!
Irregular Verbs and Past Participles Forget, forgot, forgotten, Bite, bit, bitten, Drive, drove, driven I held her hand all evening.I have hidden the photos.I was chosen by the teacher. Learn 3-5 verbs everyday!
Prepositions On, in, at, since, for, no preposition…………... With a Preposition:at work/school/universityat the party/concert

at Christmas/Easter

at the bottom/top

Sit at the table.

On TV/radio

I was there for ten days

See you in ten days.

That is typical of him.

I am better/bigger than you.

He is angry at her.

He married to her.

I arrived in Dublin today. in front of the museum. an exam in mathematics.

good/bad at mathematics.

It is made of wood.

It was discussed among the students.

I listen to music everyday.

Explain to me why you . . .

Repeat to me why you .

No Preposition:

I have to go home

He is at home

Let’s discuss this later

I can’t believe this

I can’t ride a bicycle

I’ve never climbed a tree

I left school last year.

I am doing it next week.  

Very important!Learn 3 everyday!
Verbs with Prepositions Listen to, speak to, think of, wait for, look at…… I forget to thank him for the gift. It belongs to her. Learn 3-5 verbs every day!
Phrasal Verbs Very important! Eat out, go out, fall off, fall out, make up, chill out, get round……… I got on the bus. I got off the train. I got into the car. Exercise