Australia Travel Guide: Travel tips for foreigners & backpackers, Canberra tourist information, Australia food average prices, eating on a budget, accommodation in Canberra. Find discount hotels, cheap accommodation, vacation deals, holiday packages.
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Australia Travel Guide

Australia Visa & Embassy Info

Full country name: Commonwealth of Australia
Area: 7.68 million sq km
Population: 21.5 million
Capital City: Canberra
Language: English
Religion: 75% Christian, 1% Muslim, 1% Buddhist, 0.5% Jewish
Government: Independent member of the Commonwealth
Time Zone: GMT/UTC +10 (Eastern Standard Time), GMT/UTC +9.5 (Central Time), GMT/UTC +8 (Western Time)
Dialling Code: 61
Electricity: 220-240V, 50Hz
Weights & measures: Metric, however, imperial measurements are still encountered in either spoken or written form. Most weight is in kilograms, but sometimes a newborn baby's weight may be quoted in pounds, rural land areas are sometimes referred to in acres,and measurements such as dots per inch are still found in the Australian printing industry. Australian beer glass sizes are based on older imperial sizes but rounded to the nearest 5 ml, while some surf reports are given in feet.

Currency: Australian Dollar
Average yearly salary: USD 38,800

Budget: A$5-10
Mid-range: A$10-25
High: A$25+
Budget: A$10-30
Mid-range: A$30-100
High: A$100+

Geography: World's smallest continent but sixth-largest country; population concentrated along the eastern and south-eastern coasts; regular, tropical, invigorating, sea breeze known as "the Doctor" occurs along the west coast in the summer.

Climate: Australia is in the southern hemisphere and the seasons are opposite to those in Europe and North America. There are two climatic zones: the tropical zone (in the north above the Tropic of Capricorn) and the temperate zone. The tropical zone (consisting of 40 per cent of Australia) has two seasons, summer (wet) and winter (dry) while the temperate zone has all four seasons.

November-March: (spring-summer): Warm or hot everywhere, tropical in the north, and warm to hot with mild nights in the south. April-September: (autumn-winter): Northern and central Australia have clear warm days, cool nights; the south has cool days with occasional rain but still plenty of sun. Snow is totally confined to mountainous regions of the southeast.

Recommended clothing: Lightweights during summer months with warmer clothes needed during the cooler winter period throughout most of the southern States. Lightweight cottons and linens all year in the central/northern States with warm clothes only for cooler winter evenings and early mornings. Sunglasses, sunhats and sunblock lotion are recommended year round in the north and during the summer months in the south.

Social conventions: A largely informal atmosphere prevails, shaking hands is the expected greeting. Casual wear is worn everywhere except social gatherings, in the most exclusive restaurants, and important business meetings.

Health: There is a reciprocal health agreement with the UK, in emergencies only, which allows residents from the UK free hospital treatment. Prescribed medicines, ambulances and treatment at some doctors' surgeries must be paid for. Personal insurance for illness and accidents is highly recommended for all visitors, including UK nationals. A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required from travellers over one year of age entering Australia within six days of having stayed overnight or longer in an infected country.

Food & Drink: From the traditional roast beef of the early British settlers to the olive oil brought by Italian immigrants, Australian cuisine has much evolved. Modern Australian cuisine is a fusion of spices from the east and flavours from the west. Those with a penchant for exotic food must try the local speciality of kangaroo, crocodile, emu and shark. Beer is by far the most popular drink in the country; however, Australian wine is fast gaining popularity.
Standards of hygiene in food preparation are very high. Milk is pasteurised and meat and vegetables are considered safe to eat. Care should be taken, however, when sampling 'bush tucker' in outback areas as some insects and fauna are highly poisonous unless properly cooked.

Public Holidays:
Jan 1New Year's Day
Jan 26 Australia Day
varies between Mar 22 & Apr 25 Easter
Apr 26 ANZAC Day
Dec 25-26 Christmas

Note: Nationwide holidays only. If these dates fall on a Saturday or Sunday, a day may be given in lieu. There are numerous individual State holidays.

Disclaimer: The above information is for reference purposes only. The content of this page is not intended to substitute for advice given by the user's own government travel departments or a licensed travel health advisor. The viewer/user of this web page should always contact the user's own government representatives in that area for the most up-to-date information at that time, before making a final decision to travel to that country or destination.

Study in Australia: Below are the latest English language schools, art schools, business schools & colleges to join our directory.

Schools & colleges listing on Learn4Good:Location
ELS Universal English College, SydneySydney, NSW, Australia
Taylors CollegeSydney, NSW, Australia
International Career InstituteSydney, NSW, Australia
Australian International College of Language (AICOL), Gold CoastGold Coast, Queensland, Australia
International Career InstituteSydney, NSW, Australia
English Language Company, SydneySydney, NSW, Australia
International TEFL Institute - ITEFLISydney, NSW, Australia
Charles Sturt University (CSU) Study Centres - Sydney & MelbourneSydney, NSW, Australia
TEFL Training CollegePerth, Western Australia, Australia
Australian International College of Language, Gold CoastGold Coast, Queensland, Australia
ELS Universal English College, SydneySydney, NSW, Australia
StudyCELTA: CELTA Courses SydneySydney, NSW, Australia
Spanish GurusSydney, NSW, Australia
English Language Company, SydneySydney, NSW, Australia
Australian International College of Language, Gold CoastGold Coast, Queensland, Australia

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