Cambodia Travel Guide: Travel tips for foreigners & backpackers, Phnom Penh tourist information, Cambodia food average prices, eating on a budget, accommodation in Phnom Penh. Find discount hotels, cheap accommodation, vacation deals, holiday packages.
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Cambodia Travel Guide

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Full country name: The Kingdom of Cambodia
Area: 181,035 sq km
Population: 14,805,000
Capital City: Phnom Penh
Language: Khmer
Religion: 96,5% Buddhism, 3,5% Muslim
Government: Constitutional monarchy, parliamentary representative democracy
Time Zone: (UTC+7)
Dialing Code: 855
Electricity: 230V, 50Hz
Weights & measures: Metric
Currency: Riel (KHR)

Money & Costs:
Average Yearly Salary:

Budget: US$1-2
Mid-range: US$3-10
High: US$20-50
Budget: US$2-5
Mid-range: US$10-20
High: US$50-100

Geography: Cambodia, which is also known as Kampuchea, is a country located in Southeast Asia and divided into 21 provinces. It is bordered by Thailand, Laos and Vietnam. Much of the country is relatively flat with vast tracts of land given over to rice production. There is the Mekong Delta in the south, which forms a border separating Cambodia from Thailand. It is the tenth largest river in the world and the most important one in Cambodia. Other areas of Cambodia are mountainous, including the Dangrek, Cardomen and Elephant mountain ranges.

Climate: Being located in the tropical zone, Cambodia has two monsoons, which make up the country's climate. The first monsoon runs from November to March and it is cool and rather dry, giving the most pleasant season for visitors. After the first monsoon, the countryside and its greenness can be stunningly beautiful. The second monsoon, which occurs from May to early October, brings heavy rains, high winds and high humidity. The winters (December and January) are considered to be the coolest months. The average yearly temperature in Cambodia is about 27 C.

Recommended clothing: Lightweight cotton clothing is recommended throughout the year. If you are planning your trip during the rainy season, bring plenty of rainwear.

Food: Cambodian cuisine is heavily influenced by its Thai neighbors and Chinese residents. Since the country is rich in rivers, including the Mekong, Sap, Bassac and Tonlé Sap, fresh fish and prawns are easy to get and especially popular in Cambodian cooking. There is also plenty of beef, pork, chicken, duck and other poultry, but generally it is much more expensive than fish. Cambodians love soup. It is served as an accompaniment to almost all meals. However, opposite to everywhere else in the West, soup is served with the main dish, not before it. Be careful with the dairy products, because are likely to have been made from unboiled milk.

Drink: Water in Cambodia is considered as potentially contaminated, therefore, water for drinking, brushing teeth or making ice should first be boiled or otherwise sterilized. You should buy bottled water for drinking. Since milk is unpasteurized, it should be boiled. Powdered or tinned milk is available and is advised for drinking or cooking.

Health: Malaria and dengue fever are common diseases in Cambodia. Insect protection is advisable throughout the day. Travelers who are planning to stay for more than one month, should be vaccinated against Encephalitis. Medical facilities in Cambodia are quite poor, except for a few expensive private clinics in Phnom Penh. The clinics only accept cash and health insurance is essential.

Public Holidays:
1 Jan New Year's Day
7 Jan Victory Day
30 Jan * Meak Bochea Day
8 Mar Women's Day
14 Apr – 16 Apr Cambodian New Year
28 Apr Visaka Buja Day (Birth of Buddha)
1 May Labour Day
3 May Royal Ploughing Day Ceremony
15 May King Sihamoni's Birthday
18 Jun Former Queen's Birthday
24 Sep Constitution Day
7 Oct – 9 Jan * Pchum Ben Day
29 Oct Coronation Day
31 Oct Former King Sihanouk's Birthday
9 Nov Independence Day
20 Nov * Water Festival
10 Dec Human Rights Day

Note: The religious festivals are determined by the Buddhist lunar calendar and are therefore variable. Public holidays falling on a Saturday or Sunday are carried forward to the following working day.

Disclaimer: The above information is for reference purposes only. The content of this page is not intended to substitute for advice given by the user's own government travel departments or a licensed travel health advisor. The viewer/user of this web page should always contact the user's own government representatives in that area for the most up-to-date information at that time, before making a final decision to travel to that country or destination.

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