Cyprus Travel Guide: Travel tips for foreigners & backpackers, Nicosia tourist information, Cyprus food average prices, eating on a budget, accommodation in Nicosia. Find discount hotels, cheap accommodation, vacation deals, holiday packages.
Search for Schools:

Cyprus Travel Guide

Cyprus Visa & Embassy Info »

Full country name: Republic of Cyprus
Area: 9,251 sq km
Population: 1,1 million (July 2010 est.)
Capital City: Nicosia (Lefkosia)
Language: Greek, Turkish, English
Religion: Greek Orthodox 78%, Muslim 18%, other (includes Maronite and Armenian Apostolic) 4%
Government: Presidential republic
Time Zone: UTC/GMT+2 ( Daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October )
Dialling Code: 357
Electricity: 240V 50 Hz
Currency: Euro

Money & Costs:
Average yearly salary: USD 21,200

Budget: €5-17
Mid-range: €17-80
High: €80+
Budget: €20-40
Mid-range: €40-100
High: €100+

Geography: Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean after Sicily and Sardinia. The country borders Turkey, Syria and Rhodes (Greece) by water. Cyprus is one of the most popular tourist destinations since it has a long coastline with white sandy beaches by the Mediterranean sea. There are two mountain ranges that dominate in the island – the Troodos Mountains and Kyrenia Range.

Climate: Cyprus has an intense Subtropical-Mediterranean climate with mild, but rainy winters (November – March) and hot, dry summers (May - September). The mountainous region of Troodos mountains receive a little snow in winter, but generally, Cyprus is the warmest country in the Mediterranean part of the European Union. The average yearly temperature in summer is about 32 C, whereas the winter temperature can get as low as 16 C. In spring and autumn the temperature is around 25 C.

Recommended clothing: Light summer clothes are required for summer season and warmer clothes (but not heavy winter clothes) for winter season. Since the summer evening and nights are cooler, pack a light sweater or shawl. There is occasional rain in February and March, therefore rainwear is essential. Make sure to wear sunglasses and a hat during summer. Use sun-block lotion and drink a lot of water.

Social conventions: Family is very important in Cypriot society, and particular respect is shown to the elders. It is impolite to refuse a cup of coffee or a cold drink when offered. When invited for dinner to one's home, bring a small gift, such as wine or confectionery. Beachwear should be confined only to the beach or hotel pool.

Health: It is recommended to have a valid European Health Insurance Card (EHIC), as European residents are then able to get free or reduced-cost treatment. Tap water is generally safe to drink all around Cyprus.

Food & Drink: Cyprus cuisine can be described as rich, spicy and oriental. North Cyprus, namely, is a paradise of well-prepared dishes. Any form of lemon is a widely used ingredient. A slice of fruit is served with each meal, lemon juice are used for flavoring, and etc. Various soups are quite popular and very tasty, especially the local rice soup with eggs and lemon. However, savory dishes are something that the Cypriot cuisine excels in. Kieufdhe (hofte) is a spicy rissole made of meat, eggs and garlic. Dolma is almost the same as Kieufdhe, but with rice added and is wrapped in either grape or lettuce leaves before being cooked. Fresh meat is of a high quality, but quite expensive in Cyprus. Roasted lamb is a real delicacy and must be sampled at all costs. `Qeftali` kebabs are also very popular in Cyprus.

Public Holidays:
Jan 1 New Year's Day
Jan 6 Epiphany Day
Varies between Mar 22 & Apr 25 Good Friday
Mar 25 Greek National Day
Apr 1 Greek Cypriot National Day 1955-59
May 1 Labour Day
Aug 15 Assumption
Oct 1 Cyprus Independance Day
Oct 29 Turkish Independance Day
Dec 24 Christmas Eve
Dec 25 Christmas Day
Dec 26 Boxing Day

Disclaimer: The above information is for reference purposes only. The content of this page is not intended to substitute for advice given by the user's own government travel departments or a licensed travel health advisor. The viewer/user of this web page should always contact the user's own government representatives in that area for the most up-to-date information at that time, before making a final decision to travel to that country or destination.

Sponsored Links
Traveler's Guide
Sponsored Links