Romania Travel Guide: Travel tips for foreigners & backpackers, Bucharest tourist information, Romania food average prices, eating on a budget, accommodation in Bucharest Find discount hotels, cheap accommodation, vacation deals, holiday packages.
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Full country name: Romania
Area: 238,391 sq km
Population: 22,215,421
Capital City: Bucharest
Language: Romanian
Religion: 86,7% Orthodox, 4,7% Roman Catholics, 3,7% Protestants, 2,5% Muslim, 1,5% Pentecostalists, 0,9% Romanian-Greek Catholics
Government: Unitary semi-presidential republic
Time Zone: EET (UTC+2) summer - (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Dialing Code: 40
Electricity: 230V, 50Hz
Weights & measures: Metric
Currency: Romanian leu (RON)

Money & Costs:
Average Yearly Salary: $11,500

Meals:
Budget: $5-10
Mid-range: $10-20
High: $20-30+
Accommodation:
Budget: $10-30
Mid-range: $50-70
High: $90-120

Geography: Romania, located in the northeastern part of the Balkan Peninsula, is slightly smaller than Germany, and is the twelfth largest country in Europe. Romania shares its borders with Ukraine , Moldova, Bulgaria, Serbia and Montenegro and Hungary. 245 kilometers of Black Sea coastline provide an important outlet to the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. The Carpathian Mountains, that account for about one third of the country's area, cross Romania from the north to the southwest. Another third of the country is covered by hills and plateaus full of orchards and vineyards. The last third of the country is dedicated to farming; cereals, vegetables, herbs and other crops are grown.

Climate: Romania has temperate and continental climatic conditions, that are modified by the country's varied relief. The Carpathian mountains serve as a barrier to Atlantic air masses, therefore the winters are milder with heavier rainfall. In the extreme southeast, Mediterranean climate influences result in milder, maritime climate. The average yearly temperature in Bucharest ranges from -3 C in January to 23 C in July.

Recommended clothing: Lightweight clothing is recommended in the coastal and low inland areas during summer, and medium- to heavy-weight clothing should be worn in winters. Warm clothes are advisable throughout the year in the uplands. Rainwear should be carried at all times. Beachwear should not be worn away from the beach or poolside.

Food: The Romanian cuisine is highly influenced by its neighbors Germans, Hungarians and Serbians. Nevertheless, Romanian dishes also maintain their own taste and character. Traditional and most common foods heavily feature meat. Cabbage rolls, sausages, and stews are popular main dishes, as well as various soups. It is interesting to note, that quite different types of dishes are included under a generic term in Romania, for example ciorbă denotes a wide range of soups. These may be meat, vegetable or fish soups, all of which are soured by lemon juice, sauerkraut juice or vinegar. Another example of a generic term could be ţuică, which is a name for strong alcoholic spirits in Romania, whereas in other countries, every flavor usually has a different name.

Drink: Romania has very strong alcoholic drinks to offer. For example, Palinca, the strongest Romanian drink, contains 60% pure alcohol. Then comes ţuica, containing 40% of pure alcohol, usually made of plums, but lately produced in other flavors as well. Romanians living in rural areas, produce these two drinks at home. Since tap water is not of the best quality, bottled water should be drunk.

Health: Medical facilities in Bucharest are quite good, however, the same cannot be said about the smaller towns. Stray dogs carry rabies, therefore you should try to avoid contact with them.

Social Conventions: Handshaking is the normal form of greeting, however, you should not be surprised, as Romanian men like to kiss a woman's hand when being introduced. If visiting a Romanian home, a small gift (flowers, chocolates, wine) to the host is highly appreciated. Since many Romanians are smokers, gifts of Western cigarettes are greatly appreciated.

Public Holidays:
1 Jan New Year's Day
Jan 7 Orthodox Christmas
Jan 19 Epiphany
Mar 1 Spring Festival
Mar 8 Mother's Day
Apr 4 Orthodox Easter
Apr 5 Orthodox Easter Monday
May 1 Labor Day
May 24 Orthodox Whit Monday
Dec 1 National Day
Dec 25 Christmas Day
Dec 26 Second Christmas Day

Disclaimer: The above information is for reference purposes only. The content of this page is not intended to substitute for advice given by the user's own government travel departments or a licensed travel health advisor. The viewer/user of this web page should always contact the user's own government representatives in that area for the most up-to-date information at that time, before making a final decision to travel to that country or destination.

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