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Singapore Travel Guide

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Full country name: Republic of Singapore
Area: 697 sq km
Population: 4,66 million (July 2010 est.)
Capital City: Singapore
Languages: Mandarin 35%, English 23%, Malay 14.1%, Hokkien 11.4%, Cantonese 5.7%, Teochew 4.9%, Tamil 3.2%, other Chinese dialects 1.8%, other 0.9%
Religion: Buddhist 42.5%, Muslim 14.9%, Taoist 8.5%, Hindu 4%, Catholic 4.8%, other Christian 9.8%, other 0.7%, none 14.8%
Government: Parliamentary Republic
Time Zone: GMT/UTC +8 (Standard Time)
Dialling Code: 65
Electricity: 220V, 50Hz
Weights & measures: The metric system is in force, but some local measures are used

Money & Costs:
Currency: Singapore Dollar (SGD)
Average Yearly Salary: USD 52,200

Budget: US$7-10
Mid-range: US$10-20
High: US$20-60
Top: US$60+
Budget: US$15-50
Mid-range: US$50-120
High: US$120-200
Top: US$200+

Currency exchange: Foreign currencies, travellers cheques and cheques can be changed at most banks and licensed money changers. ATMs are also in operation.

Credit & debit cards: American Express, Diners Club, MasterCard and Visa are widely accepted. Check with your credit or debit card company for details of merchant acceptability and other facilities which may be available.

Travellers cheques: To avoid additional exchange rate charges, travellers are advised to take travellers cheques in Pounds Sterling.

Geography: Singapore is a city and a country in south-eastern Asia, off the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula between the South China Sea and the Indian Ocean, and 58 nearby islands. Singapore consists only of one main island and 63 other tiny islands. Most of these islands are uninhabited. It is among the 20 smallest countries in the world, with a total land area of only 682.7 square kilometres. The USA is about 15,000 times bigger. Apart from Monaco, Singapore is the most densely populated country in the world, with 6,430 people per square kilometre. It is a mainly flat country with low hills, the highest being Bukit Timah at 163m (545ft). In the northeast of the island, large areas have been reclaimed, and much of the original jungle and swamp covering the low-lying areas has been cleared.

Climate: Singapore has a typical tropical climate with a lot of humidity and sudden rain showers. The weather is usually hot, and does not change much throughout the year. The temperature rarely drops below 20 C (68 F). During the daytime, it usually rises to 26 C (80 F). The average daily humidity is 80-85%.

Recommended clothing: Lightweight cotton and linen clothes are recommended throughout the year. Women should carry a scarf for Muslim mosques. Tank tops are OK if you're not visiting religious places. A light sweater would be good to carry with you, since the air conditioning can be fierce in some places. An umbrella is recommended instead of a raincoat, since the heat would make you feel like in a sauna. Singapore is a quite fashionable, but an informal city.

Social conventions: Smoking is widely discouraged and illegal in enclosed public places, like restaurants, public transport, cinemas and theaters. Note, that dropping a cigarette end in the street or smoking illegally can lead to an immediate fine of up to 500 SGD.

Health: Health care in Singapore is of a high quality, and, therefore, quite expensive. A yellow fewer vaccination certificate is required from travelers (over one year of age) who, within the preceding six days, have been in or have passed through a country where yellow fever is endemic.

Food & Drink: The cuisine of Singapore is a mixture of ethnic diversity and the native Malay, the predominant Chinese, Indian Indonesian, and Western traditions (particularly English). Traces of Thai and Middle Eastern cuisines exist in local food culture as well. Ranging from humble street stalls to 5-star restaurants, Singapore can be called a gourmet's paradise. The best way to get to know the Singaporean cuisine, is to eat in one of the open street food stalls. Some of the national specialties include: Beef rendang (coconut milk beef curry), Chilli crab (fresh crab with a piquant sauce), Gado gado (a fruit and vegetable salad in peanut sauce), Satay (skewers of marinated meat cooked over charcoal, served with spicy peanut sauce, cucumber, onion, rice and coconut), Char Kway Teow (thick rice noodles stir fried in soy sauce with vegetables, fish or meat). There is a variety of national drinks offered by Singaporean cuisine, for example, Singapore Sling (cocktail containing gin, cherry liquor, cointreau, benedictine, pineapple juice, lime juice, grenadine and angostura bitters) is probably the most popular alcoholic beverage in Singapore. Teh arak tarik (ginger tea with milk), soya bean milk, and sugar cane juice are the most common non-alcoholic drinks. Tiger Beer is an ubiquitous local lager brand.

Public Holidays:
Jan 1 New Year's Day
Jan 23 Hari Raya Haji (Feast of the Sacrifice)
Varies between Mar 22 & Apr 25 Good Friday
May 1 Labour Day
May 23 Vesak (Birth of Buddha)
Aug 9 National Day
Nov 1 Diwali
Varies Hari Raya Puasa (End of Ramadan)
Dec 25 Christmas Day

1. Not all Muslim festivals listed above are national holidays, but all will affect Muslim businesses. Muslim festivals are timed according to local sightings of various phases of the moon and the dates given above are approximations. During the lunar month of Ramadan that precedes Hari Raya Puasa (Eid al-Fitr), Muslims fast during the day and feast at night and normal business patterns may be interrupted. Many restaurants are closed during the day and there may be restrictions on smoking and drinking. Some disruption may continue into Hari Raya Puasa itself. Hari Raya Puasa and Hari Raya Haji (Eid al-Adha) may last anything from 2 to 10 days, depending on the town.
2. Hindu festivals are declared according to local astronomical observations and it is only possible to forecast the month of their occurrence.

Disclaimer: The above information is for reference purposes only. The content of this page is not intended to substitute for advice given by the user's own government travel departments or a licensed travel health advisor. The viewer/user of this web page should always contact the user's own government representatives in that area for the most up-to-date information at that time, before making a final decision to travel to that country or destination.

Schools & colleges listing on Learn4Good:Location
Spring College InternationalSingapore, Singapore
Stafford Global - Online EducationSingapore, Singapore
JE Educational CollegeSingapore, Singapore
JE Educational CollegeSingapore, Singapore
JE Educational CollegeSingapore, Singapore
English Level TestSingapore, Singapore
Spring College InternationalSingapore, Singapore
British Council SingaporeSingapore, Singapore
Marketing Institute of Singapore (MIS)Singapore, Singapore
The Interactive Design InstituteSingapore, Singapore
Spring College InternationalSingapore, Singapore
Inspiration Design International SchoolSingapore, Singapore

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