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Taiwan Travel Guide

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Full country name: Republic of Taiwan
Area: 35,980 sq km
Population: 23,046,177
Capital City: Taipei
Language: Mandarin, Taiwanese
Religion: 93% combination of Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism, 4,5% Christianity, 2,5% Islam
Government: Semi-presidential
Time Zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours
Dialing Code: 886
Electricity: 110V, 60Hz
Weights & measures: Metric
Currency: Taiwan Dollar (TWD)

Money & Costs:
Average Yearly Salary:

Budget: NT$40
Mid-range: NT$300
High: NT$1000+
Budget: NT$500-1000
Mid-range: NT$1200-2000
High: NT$4000+

Geography: The island of Taiwan (also known as Formosa) is located in the eastern region of Asia, and is bordered by the East China Sea, the Philippine Sea, the South China Sea and the Taiwan Strait. Taiwan is blessed with breathtaking natural beauty – its greenery, hills, mountains, beautiful sandy beaches, rivers, valleys and etc. The contrast between eastern and western sides is obvious. The eastern side consists mostly of rugged mountains, whereas the western side consists mostly of flat to gently rolling plains.

Climate: Taiwan has a tropical climate, which varies from humid and hot in the south, to slightly cooler temperatures in the north and mountainous part of the country. Winters tend to be chilly, with snow on the mountain peaks. Summers are usually hot and humid with temperatures reaching 35 C (90 F) at the coast. Sudden rain showers are inevitable, especially in July and September. Autumn is the driest period of the year.

Food: Eating and cooking is an essential part of Taiwan's culture. Taiwanese cuisine is influenced by Chinese, Japanese and Hakka foods. The dishes are varied and plentiful. Pork, rice, seafood and soy are the most popular ingredients. The Taiwanese seafood encompasses many different foods, such as: tuna, sardines, anchovies, crustaceans, squid, cuttlefish, and etc. Since the island is situated in sub-tropical location, it has an abundant supply of fruit, such as: papayas, star fruit, melons or citrus fruit. Taiwanese show their creativity in seasonings for flavor: soy sauce, rice wine, sesame oil, pickled daikon, peanuts, fermented black beans, pickled mustard greens, and chili peppers.

Drink: Tap water in Taiwan is not treated, therefore you should stick to bottled water or boil the tap water before consuming. Taiwan has various soft drinks that are distinct in taste, presentation and color. For example, the The Bubble Milk Tea is widely known, different and famous because of its ingredients, texture and color.

Health: Taiwan has very good medical facilities, however, travel insurance is still recommended. Travelers arriving from infected areas, are required to have a yellow fewer vaccination certificate. Up-to-date jabs for hepatitis A and typhoid are recommended. Make sure not to forget insect repellents from mosquito bites, since outbreaks of dengue fever have been observed.

Recommended clothing: Since the climate in Taiwan ranges from heat and humidity to sudden rain showers, your clothing should be corresponding to the weather. It is recommended to pack layers of garments when traveling to Taiwan in winter. Thermal or silk underwear with a sweater and padded jacket outside should do. If you are planning to visit Taiwan during spring or summer, your clothes should be casual and comfortable. Light cotton clothes that are not too delicate would be perfect. Women should note, that many temples are forbidden to those wearing skirts, therefore trousers are necessary. Rainwear should be packed when traveling during the rainy season. A pair of comfortable hiking shoes is advisable.

Public Holidays:
1 Jan - 3 Jan Founding of the Republic of China and New Year's Day
14 Feb – 16 Feb Chinese New Year
28 Feb Peace Memorial Day
5 Apr Tomb-Sweeping Day
1 May Labour Day
1 Sep *(15th day, 8th moon) Mid-Autumn Moon Festival
10 Oct National Day

Disclaimer: The above information is for reference purposes only. The content of this page is not intended to substitute for advice given by the user's own government travel departments or a licensed travel health advisor. The viewer/user of this web page should always contact the user's own government representatives in that area for the most up-to-date information at that time, before making a final decision to travel to that country or destination.

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