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Full country name: Republic of Uganda
Area: 241,038 sq km
Population: 32,37 million
Capital City: Kampala
Language: English (official national language, taught in grade schools, used in courts of law and by most newspapers and some radio broadcasts), Ganda or Luganda (most widely used of the Niger-Congo languages, preferred for native language publications in the capital and may be taught in school), other Niger-Congo languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Swahili, Arabic
Religion: Roman Catholic 41.9%, Protestant 42% (Anglican 35.9%, Pentecostal 4.6%, Seventh Day Adventist 1.5%), Muslim 12.1%, other 3.1%, none 0.9%
Government: Democratic republic
Time Zone: UTC+3
Dialing Code: 256
Electricity: 240V 50 Hz
Weights & measures: Metric
Currency: Ugandan shilling (UGX)

Money & Costs:
Average yearly salary: USD 1,200

Budget: USD2-8
Mid-range: USD8-20
High: USD25+
Budget: USD6-16
Mid-range: USD16-40
High: USD60+

Geography: The Republic of Uganda is located in East Africa. This landlocked country borders Tanzania, Rwanda, Zaire, Sudan, Democratic Republic of Congo and Kenya. The country occupies most of the Lake Victoria basin. The center of the country is dominated by the Lake Kyoga, which is surrounded by extensive marshy areas. Although landlocked, Uganda contains many large lakes, besides the two already mentioned, there are also Lake Albert, Lake Edward and the smaller Lake George.

Climate: Although Uganda is generally equatorial, the country's climate is not uniform. There is plentiful of sunshine, moderated by the relatively high altitude of most areas. The average yearly temperature ranges from 16 C in the southwestern highlands to 25 C in the northwestern region. The northeastern part of the country has a temperature of about 30 C about 254 days per year.

Recommended clothing: Lightweight cotton or linen clothes, as well as hats, and sturdy shoes are recommended throughout the year. Long sleeve shirts can be needed in the evenings. Sun-block lotion should be used at all times. Also it is advisable to pack insect repellent. Women may feel more comfortable wearing knees and shoulders covering clothing in rural countrysides. Tracking gorillas will require you to wear long pants and long sleeved shirts. Rainwear is recommended.

Social conventions: Since Uganda is a socially conservative culture, homosexuality and drug abuse is illegal and widely condemned. Many Ugandans live among people who speak different languages, especially in rural areas. Some sources describe regional variation in terms of physical characteristics, bodily adornment, clothing, and mannerisms, but others claim that those differences are disappearing.

Food & Drink: Ugandan cuisine consists of a mix of local cooking traditions combined with English, Arab and Asian influences. The dishes vary from the most basic, for example, a starchy filler with a sauce of beans or meat, to several-course meals served only in upper-class homes and high-end restaurants. Main dishes usually include a sauce or stew of groundnuts, beans or meat. Ugali (maize meal), matoke (boiled and mashed green banana), cassava, yam and African sweet potato are widely eaten. Soybeans are very popular and are usually used for breakfast. Chapati (an Asian flatbread) is also part of Ugandan cuisine. Chicken, beef, goat, mutton, and fish are all commonly eaten, although the rural poor would not slaughter such a large animal for everyday meal. Since fruits are plentiful, they are regularly eaten, as snacks or as desserts. Coffee and tea are widely enjoyed by the locals. Popular brands' sodas are widely available, as well as traditional beers. Pombe is the generic word for locally made (usually from banana or millet) fermented beer. Tonto is a traditional fermented drink made from bananas.

Health: Diarrhea is the most common illness when in Uganda. Hepatitis A and typhoid vaccinations are recommended. All visitors require vaccination against yellow fever. Bottled water is widely available, and is advised for drinking. Malaria and HIV/AIDS are widespread. Since outbreaks of the plague and meningitis occur, visitors should insure that vaccinations are up to date. Limited health facilities are available outside of Kampala, therefore a travel health insurance is advised.

Public Holidays:
Jan 1 New Year's Day
Mar 8 International Women's Day
Varies between Mar 22 & Apr 25 Good Friday
May 1 Labour Day
Jun 3 Martyrs' Day
Jun 9 National Heroes' Day
Oct 9 Independence Day
Dec 25 Christmas Day
Dec 26 Boxing Day

Disclaimer: The above information is for reference purposes only. The content of this page is not intended to substitute for advice given by the user's own government travel departments or a licensed travel health advisor. The viewer/user of this web page should always contact the user's own government representatives in that area for the most up-to-date information at that time, before making a final decision to travel to that country or destination.

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