United Kingdom of Great Britain Travel Guide: Travel tips for foreigners & backpackers, London tourist information, United Kingdom of Great Britain food average prices, eating on a budget, accommodation in London Find discount hotels, cheap accommodation, vacation deals, holiday packages.
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UK & England Travel Guide

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Full country name: United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland
Area: 243,610 sq km
Population: 61 million
Capital City: London (pop. 11,500,000 (metro. area), 7,500,000 (city proper)
Language: English. Welsh is spoken in some parts of Wales, Gaelic in parts of Scotland and Northern Ireland, and French and Norman French in the Channel Islands.
Religion: Church of England, Methodist, Baptist, Catholic, Muslim, Hindu and Sikh.
Government: Constitutional Monarchy, EU Member
Time Zone: GMT/UTC 0 (Greenwich Mean Time (British Summer Time during daylight savings))
Dialling Code: 44
Electricity: 240V, 50Hz
Weights & measures: Metric

Money & Costs:
Currency: Pound Sterling (GBP or £)
Average yearly salary: USD 34,800

Budget: £3-10
Mid-range: £10-20
High: £20-45
Top: £45+
Budget: £10-30
Mid-range: £30-50
High: £50-120
Top: £120+

The UK & England is one of the most expensive tourist destinations in the world, and along with France, the most popular. London in particular can be very expensive for the budget traveller and you will need at least £25-30 for simple dorm accommodation, a one-day travel card and the most basic food preparation. If you stay in a hotel and eat restaurant meals you can easily spend £60-70 a day without splashing out. Once you get into the countryside, costs will drop, particularly if you have a transport pass and if you cook your own meals. You'll still need at least £25-30 a day, and if you stay in hostels or B&Bs, and eat one restaurant meal a day, you will need £50-£60 a day.

You should leave a tip of at least 10% in a restaurant unless the service was not what you had hoped for. Some restaurants include a service charge on the bill, and in this case a tip is unnecessary but greatly appreciated. Taxi drivers (cab drivers) expect to be tipped about 10%, especially in London. You never have to tip a barman or barlady to have a pint poured in a pub but some cocktail bars expect a 10% tip.

Geography: The United Kingdom, consisting of Great Britain (England, Wales, and Scotland) and Northern Ireland, is twice the size of New York State. England, in the southeast part of the British Isles, is separated from Scotland on the north by the granite Cheviot Hills; from them the Pennine chain of uplands extends south through the center of England, reaching its highest point in the Lake District in the northwest. To the west along the border of Wales - a land of steep hills and valleys - are the Cambrian Mountains, while the Cotswolds, a range of hills in Gloucestershire, extend into the surrounding shires. The seven of the most popular destinations outside London are Bath, Cambridge, The Cotswolds, the Lake District, Oxford, Stratford-upon-Avon and York. Apart form London, the largest cities and their urban area populations include Birmingham, 3,400,000; Liverpool, 3,300,000; Leeds, 1,500,000;  Sheffield, 1,100,000; Glasgow, 1,000,000; Edinburgh, 650,000; Bristol, 600,000; Manchester, 400,000.

Climate: The United Kingdom has a mild and temperate climate which is influenced by the North Atlantic Drift and the southwesterly winds. Rainfall is fairly evenly distributed throughout the year with March to June the driest period and September to January the wettest. Average annual precipitation varies from 1,600 mm (63 inches) in the mountainous areas of the north and west to less than 800 mm (32 inches) over central and eastern areas. Average temperature ranges in London are from 2 to 6 degrees Celsius (36 to 43 degrees Fahrenheit) in January to 13 to 22 degrees Celsius (55 to 72 degrees Fahrenheit) in July.

Recommended clothing: Waterproofing throughout the year, especially in Scotland, where warm clothing is advisable at all times, and is essential for any visits to upland areas.

Social conventions: When invited to someone's home for dinner, a small present, such as flowers or chocolates, is appreciated. You should wait until everyone has been served, before starting to eat.

Health: In general, no special vaccinations or immunizations are required when entering the United Kingdom.

Food & Drink: British cuisine encompasses English, Scottish and Welsh cuisines. Many of the regional and local dishes have geographically indicated foods, such as: Cheshire cheese, Arbroath Smokie, the Yorkshire pudding, and the Welsh cakes. British cuisine is traditionally based on beef, pork, lamb, chicken and fish. The dishes are generally served with potatoes and other various vegetables. The most famous British dishes include: fish and chips, steak and kidney pie, the Sunday roast, and bangers and mash. Ingredients, that are not native to the country, particularly herbs and spices, are frequently used in the traditional dishes. Throughout the United Kingdom, pastries and meat pies (ground meat, vegetables and potatoes inside a pastry crust) are very popular. United Kingdom is a tea-drinking country, and most Britons drink their tea strong and dark, with milk. Britain has over 300 wine producers, but lagers, especially ale (dark and heavier than lager), are more popular between the locals.

Public Holidays:
Jan 1 New Year's Day
Varies between Mar 22 & Apr 25 Good Friday
May 2 May Day Bank Holiday
May 30 Spring Bank Holiday
Aug 29 Summer Bank Holiday
Dec 25 Christmas Day
Dec 26 Boxing Day
Dec 27 Christmas (forwarded to Monday)
Dec 28 Boxing Day (forwarded to Tuesday)

Note: Public holidays are usually referred to as "bank holidays" in the UK.

Disclaimer: The above information is for reference purposes only. The content of this page is not intended to substitute for advice given by the user's own government travel departments or a licensed travel health advisor. The viewer/user of this web page should always contact the user's own government representatives in that area for the most up-to-date information at that time, before making a final decision to travel to that country or destination.

Study in UK: Below are the latest English language schools, art schools, UK business schools & colleges to join our directory.

Schools & colleges listing on Learn4Good:Location
St Brelade's College, JerseySaint Helier, Jersey, UK & England
Acorn International Summer School, BristolBristol, England, UK & England
Rochester Independent CollegeKent, England, UK & England
The Ingenium Academy International Summer School for MusicHampshire, England, UK & England
Kaplan International Colleges London - Covent GardenLondon, England, UK & England
Amity English School, LondonMerton, England, UK & England
Chelsea FC Foundation Soccer Schools & Arsenal Soccer SchoolsLondon, England, UK & England
ISSOS in St Andrews, ScotlandSt Andrews, Scotland, UK & England
Kildinan Parkdale Farm (Horse-riding + English Courses)East Sussex, England, UK & England
Arts University Bournemouth (AUB)Bournemouth, England, UK & England

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