The following vocabulary nearly always comes up in the TOEFL exam. It is vital that you practise and learn these words in order to increase your TOEFL Score Result.
It will also greatly increase your knowledge and understanding of English words and their roots.
English Word Roots, Prefixes and Suffixes
Most words used in the English language today were not originally English. These words were borrowed (taken) from other languages. The majority of English words have Latin or Greek origins. When taking the TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language), it is helpful to know some of these origins or “roots” of English vocabulary. It may be possible to guess the meaning of an unknown word when one knows the meaning of its root. Knowing prefixes and suffixes can also assist in the process.
An English word can consist of three parts: the root, a prefix and a suffix. The root is the part of the word that contains the basic meaning (definition) of the word. The root is the base element of the word. A prefix is a word element that is placed in front of a root. A prefix changes the word’s meaning or makes a new word. A suffix is a word element that is placed after the root. The suffix changes the word’s meaning as well as its function (use). Prefixes and suffixes are called “affixes” because they are attached to a root.