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Public Health CareersPublic Health Careers: Public health is the science of protecting and improving the health of communities and entire populations. Public Health professionals treat the healthy community as its patient, they do not focus on sick individuals. This is the main difference between public health and clinical medicine.

A Public Healthcare worker educates and advises the public on prevention of illness and disease. Public healthcare professionals are also involved in the research of disease effecting the local community or entire populations. In Public Health the term "community" can refer to the local community, the nation or the entire world.

Public health careers can be divided into the following sub specialties:

Behavioral Science/Health Education: This field involves encouraging people to make good health decisions based on education. Public Health Professionals specializing in Behavioral Science/Health Education run community wide education initiates on such topics as Nutrition, Fitness, Sexually Transmitted Disease, Alcohol and Drug abuse, Use of Seatbelts and Smoking Cessation.

Biomedical & Laboratory Practice: This specialty involves bacteriologists, microbiologists, and biochemists. The work carried out by Biomedical & Laboratory Practice professionals is laboratory based. Lab techniques are used to diagnose and treat disease and to study the conditions that affect health status.

Biostatistics: Public health Biostaticians use mathematical and scientific methods to identify health trends within community and to determine the cause of illness and injuries.

Environmental Health Sciences: Environmental health professionals improve public health by focusing on identifying and addressing the environmental risk factors the effect our water, air, land, homes and so on.

Epidemiology: Epidemiologists focus all their efforts on the study and control of disease or injury patterns in human populations.

Global Health: Global health professionals study the health of individuals living in the developing countries.

Health Services Administration: Health Administration professionals are involved in the planning, supervising and coordinating of healthcare services.

Maternal and Child Health: Maternal and child health experts focus their efforts on healthcare provided specifically for women, children, and families. Maternal and child health experts implement health programs at the local, state, national, and international levels.

Nutrition: As a good diet leads to good health, nutrition is an important part of every Public Health Educational program. Some Master of Public Health students choose Nutrition as their area of specialty.

Public Health Practice & Program Management: These public health professionals are leaders, responsible for the development and implementation of public health initiatives.

Education: If you wish to pursue a career in public health, you must graduate with at least a master's degree from an accredited school of public health. The seven different types of Public Health degrees include:

  • Master of Health Administration (MHA)
  • Master of Public Health (MPH)
  • Master of Science (MS)
  • Master of Science in Public Health (MSPH)
  • Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
  • Doctor of Public Health (DrPH)
  • Doctor of Science (ScD).

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Below is a list of some of the various types of health career fields:

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